Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Heat shock protein (HSP) 27 has long been known to be a component of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway. p38 MAPK has important functions in the inflammatory response, but the role of HSP27 in inflammation has remained unknown. We have used small interfering RNAs to suppress HSP27 expression in HeLa cells and fibroblasts and found that it is required for pro-inflammatory cell signaling and the expression of pro-inflammatory genes. HSP27 is needed for the activation by interleukin (IL)-1 of TAK1 and downstream signaling by p38 MAPK, JNK, and their activators (MKK-3, -4, -6, -7) and IKKbeta. IL-1-induced ERK activation appears to be independent of HSP27. HSP27 is required for both IL-1 and TNF-induced signaling pathways for which the most upstream common signaling protein is TAK1. HSP27 is also required for IL-1-induced expression of the pro-inflammatory mediators, cyclooxygenase-2, IL-6, and IL-8. HSP27 functions to drive cyclooxygenase-2 and IL-6 expression by augmenting the activation of the kinase downstream of p38 MAPK, MK2, resulting in stabilization of cyclooxygenase-2 and IL-6 mRNAs. The mechanism may not occur in cells of myeloid lineage because HSP27 protein was undetectable in human monocytes and murine macrophages.

Original publication

DOI

10.1074/jbc.M610987200

Type

Journal

J Biol Chem

Publication Date

02/03/2007

Volume

282

Pages

6232 - 6241

Keywords

Cells, Cultured, Cyclooxygenase 2, Fibroblasts, Gene Expression Regulation, HSP27 Heat-Shock Proteins, HeLa Cells, Heat-Shock Proteins, Humans, Inflammation, Interleukin-1, Interleukin-6, MAP Kinase Kinase Kinases, Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases, Neoplasm Proteins, RNA Stability, Signal Transduction, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha