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OBJECTIVE: To examine the patterns of production of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) isoforms and of IL-1beta during arthritis in vivo. METHODS: Arthritis was induced in DBA/1 mice by immunization with type II collagen, and the production of IL-1Ra isoforms was examined in whole joints and in dissected synovial tissues by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), RNase protection assay, Western blotting, immunostaining, and in situ hybridization. Production of IL-1beta also was examined using similar approaches. RESULTS: Production of IL-1Ra increased in the joints during collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). By RT-PCR, secreted IL-1Ra messenger RNA (mRNA) was detected in normal joints, whereas intracellular IL-1Ra type I (icIL-1Ra1) mRNA was only produced in inflamed joints. Western blot studies showed that icIL-1Ra1 protein levels increased in the joints during the course of CIA and that icIL-1Ra3 protein was also present in low amounts. RNase protection assays showed that the IL-1beta:IL-1Ra mRNA ratio was increased in inflamed joints through day 14 of arthritis, whereas a reverse pattern was present at later time points (from day 20 to day 60). Consistent with this finding, immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization studies confirmed that icIL-1Ra1 was only present in inflamed joints. The histologic evaluation of CIA during the course of the disease indicated a resolution of acute inflammation, since icIL-1Ra1 production increased and the ratio of IL-1beta to total IL-1Ra decreased. CONCLUSION: Production of IL-1Ra isoforms, particularly icIL-1Ra1, is stimulated in inflamed joints during CIA in mice. The combination of decreased production of IL-1beta and elevated levels of icIL-1Ra1 during the course of CIA was associated with a reduction in inflammatory activity. These results suggest that icIL-1Ra1 may play a role in the resolution of murine CIA.

Original publication

DOI

10.1002/1529-0131(200102)44:2<451::AID-ANR64>3.0.CO;2-H

Type

Journal article

Journal

Arthritis Rheum

Publication Date

02/2001

Volume

44

Pages

451 - 462

Keywords

Animals, Arthritis, Experimental, Arthritis, Rheumatoid, Collagen, Immunohistochemistry, Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein, Interleukin-1, Joints, Kinetics, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred DBA, Protein Isoforms, RNA, Messenger, Receptors, Interleukin-1, Sialoglycoproteins, Synovial Membrane