Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

OBJECTIVE: To examine the patterns of production of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) isoforms and of IL-1beta during arthritis in vivo. METHODS: Arthritis was induced in DBA/1 mice by immunization with type II collagen, and the production of IL-1Ra isoforms was examined in whole joints and in dissected synovial tissues by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), RNase protection assay, Western blotting, immunostaining, and in situ hybridization. Production of IL-1beta also was examined using similar approaches. RESULTS: Production of IL-1Ra increased in the joints during collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). By RT-PCR, secreted IL-1Ra messenger RNA (mRNA) was detected in normal joints, whereas intracellular IL-1Ra type I (icIL-1Ra1) mRNA was only produced in inflamed joints. Western blot studies showed that icIL-1Ra1 protein levels increased in the joints during the course of CIA and that icIL-1Ra3 protein was also present in low amounts. RNase protection assays showed that the IL-1beta:IL-1Ra mRNA ratio was increased in inflamed joints through day 14 of arthritis, whereas a reverse pattern was present at later time points (from day 20 to day 60). Consistent with this finding, immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization studies confirmed that icIL-1Ra1 was only present in inflamed joints. The histologic evaluation of CIA during the course of the disease indicated a resolution of acute inflammation, since icIL-1Ra1 production increased and the ratio of IL-1beta to total IL-1Ra decreased. CONCLUSION: Production of IL-1Ra isoforms, particularly icIL-1Ra1, is stimulated in inflamed joints during CIA in mice. The combination of decreased production of IL-1beta and elevated levels of icIL-1Ra1 during the course of CIA was associated with a reduction in inflammatory activity. These results suggest that icIL-1Ra1 may play a role in the resolution of murine CIA.

Original publication




Journal article


Arthritis Rheum

Publication Date





451 - 462


Animals, Arthritis, Experimental, Arthritis, Rheumatoid, Collagen, Immunohistochemistry, Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein, Interleukin-1, Joints, Kinetics, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred DBA, Protein Isoforms, RNA, Messenger, Receptors, Interleukin-1, Sialoglycoproteins, Synovial Membrane