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BACKGROUND: Dupuytren disease is associated with significant comorbidity and mortality, and it has no existing prevention strategies. It is unclear which modifiable risk factors are most amenable for prevention. This study aimed to determine the strength of modifiable risk factors for Dupuytren disease, and to investigate associations with other diseases. METHODS: Using UK Biobank data, this case-control study analyzed the association between phenotypic variables and Dupuytren disease through multivariable logistic regression. Exposures assessed were age, sex, body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, Townsend deprivation index, smoking status, alcohol intake, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cancer, liver disease, respiratory disease, rheumatoid arthritis, epilepsy, psoriasis, and gout. RESULTS: There were 4148 cases and 397,425 controls. Male sex (OR, 3.23; 95% CI, 2.90 to 3.60; P = 1.07 × 10 -100 ), increasing age (OR, 1.08; 95% CI, 1.07 to 1.08; P = 6.78 × 10 -167 ), material deprivation (OR, 1.01; 95% CI, 1.00 to 1.02; P = 0.0305), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (OR, 1.76; 95% CI, 1.58 to 1.96; P = 3.35 × 10 -24 ), smoking exposure, and alcohol intake were all associated with increased odds of Dupuytren disease. With increasing obesity class, there was approximately 25% decreased odds (OR, 0.774; 95% CI, 0.734 to 0.816; P = 4.71 × 10 -21 ). Diabetes with microvascular or end-organ complications was associated with more than 2.5 times increased odds of Dupuytren disease (OR, 2.59; 95% CI, 1.92 to 3.44; P = 1.92 × 10 -10 ). Within this group, increasing hemoglobin A1c values by 10 mmol/mol, or 0.9%, increased the odds by 31% (OR, 1.31; 95% CI, 1.13 to 1.51; P = 2.19 × 10 -4 ). CONCLUSION: Diabetes and poor glycemic control are major risk factors for Dupuytren disease, which present an opportunity for prevention. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Risk, III.

Original publication




Journal article


Plast Reconstr Surg

Publication Date





363e - 372e


Humans, Male, Dupuytren Contracture, Case-Control Studies, Biological Specimen Banks, UK Biobank, Risk Factors, Diabetes Mellitus