Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) has increased in use. We investigated changes to UKA revision risk over the last 20 years compared with total knee arthroplasty (TKA), examined external and patient factors for correlation to UKA revision risk, and described the survival probability for current UKA and TKA practice. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All knee arthroplasties reported to the Danish Knee Arthroplasty Register from 1997 to 2017 were linked to the National Patient Register and the Civil Registration System for comorbidity, emigration, and mortality information. All primary UKA and TKA patients with primary osteoarthritis were included and propensity score matched 4 TKAs to 1 UKA. Revision and mortality were analyzed using competing risk cox regression with a shared gamma frailty component. RESULTS: The matched cohort included 48,195 primary knee arthroplasties (9,639 UKAs). From 1997-2001 to 2012-2017 the 3-year hazard ratio decreased from 5.5 (95% CI 2.7-11) to 1.5 (CI 1.2-1.8) due to increased UKA survival. Cementless fixation, a high percentage usage of UKA, and increased surgical volume decreased UKA revision risk, and increased in occurrence parallel to the decreasing revision risks. Current UKA practice using cementless fixation at a high usage unit has a 3-year implant survival of 96% (CI 97-95), 1.1% lower than current TKA practice. INTERPRETATION: UKA revision risk has decreased over the last 20 years, nearing that of TKA surgery. High usage rates, surgical volume, and the use of cementless fixation have increased during the study and were associated with decreased UKA revision risks.

Original publication




Journal article


Acta Orthop

Publication Date





390 - 396


Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee, Humans, Osteoarthritis, Knee, Propensity Score, Prosthesis Failure, Registries, Reoperation, Treatment Outcome