Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Human Hep27 was originally isolated from growth-arrested HepG2 cells and identified as a member of the superfamily of short-chain dehydrogenases/reductases (SDR). Its substrate specificity has not been determined, but a cross-species comparison suggests that it occurs in widely divergent species, such as human, Cenorhabditis elegans, Drosophila and Arabidopsis thaliana. In this study, Hep27 was expressed as a His(6) fusion protein, and subjected to a substrate screen, using a compound library of SDR substrates, comprising steroids, retinoids, sugars and carbonyl compounds. Whereas no steroid dehydrogenase or retinoid activity was detected, it was found that Hep27 catalyzed the NADPH-dependent reduction of dicarbonyl compounds, like 3,4-hexanedione and 1-phenyl-1,2-propanedione with similar turnover numbers as DCXR (a mitochondrial dicarbonyl reductase/xylulose reductase). In contrast, Hep27 does not convert sugar substrates like xylulose or threose. Based on its substrate specificity and expression in endothelial tissues, it is suggested that Hep27 functions as a dicarbonyl reductase in enzymatic inactivation of reactive carbonyls, involved in covalent modification of cellular components.

Original publication




Journal article


Cell Mol Life Sci

Publication Date





1205 - 1213


Alcohol Dehydrogenase, Alcohol Oxidoreductases, Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Arabidopsis, Carbonyl Reductase (NADPH), Cell Line, Cells, Cultured, Drosophila, Endothelial Cells, Escherichia coli, Humans, Kinetics, Molecular Sequence Data, NADP, Nuclear Proteins, Recombinant Fusion Proteins, Retinoids, Sequence Alignment, Steroids, Substrate Specificity