Visualizing dendritic cell networks in vivo.
Lindquist RL., Shakhar G., Dudziak D., Wardemann H., Eisenreich T., Dustin ML., Nussenzweig MC.
In the steady state, dendritic cells (DCs) in the lymph node induce T cell tolerance to self antigens. Innate signals trigger the maturation of tissue DCs, which migrate into lymph nodes and activate T cells. To examine DCs in vivo, we produced transgenic mice whose DCs expressed enhanced yellow fluorescent protein. Two-photon microscopy of lymph nodes in live mice showed that most of the steady-state DCs were enmeshed in an extensive network and remained in place while actively probing adjacent T cells with their processes. Mature DCs were more motile than steady-state DCs and were rapidly dispersed and integrated into the sessile network, facilitating their interaction with migrating T cells.