Mechanism of immune complex-mediated damage: induction of interleukin 1 by immune complexes and synergy with interferon-gamma and tumor necrosis factor-alpha.
Chantry D., Winearls CG., Maini RN., Feldmann M.
The ability of immune complexes derived from patients with type II mixed essential cryoglobulinemia to trigger the production of interleukin 1 (IL 1) was investigated. Immune complexes containing either IgM/IgG or IgA/IgG aggregates were shown to induce IL 1 production in human peripheral blood monocyte-enriched populations. Interferon-gamma alone did not induce detectable IL 1, but increased the IL 1 production induced by the immune complexes. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha, which is a potent inducer of IL 1, also enhanced IL 1 production following stimulation with suboptimal doses of the immune complex. The findings suggest that immune complexes may induce inflammation partly due to their capacity to induce the synthesis of IL 1.