Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Interleukin 4 (IL-4) has previously been shown to downregulate the production of proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-alpha, and hence has been considered to be a potential anti-inflammatory agent. In this study we have investigated the effects of IL-4 on the expression of both p55 and p75 TNF receptors (TNF-R) by flow cytometry and radioligand binding analyses and demonstrate that IL-4 downregulates both p55 and p75 TNF-R on HeLa and Jijoye cell lines in a dose dependent manner. IL-4 reduced the number of p55 TNF-R on HeLa cells from 6400 (Kd 5.1 nM) to 3900 (Kd 3.7 nM), and p75 TNF-R on Jijoye cells from 4800 (Kd 1.6 nM) to 3250 (Kd 1.5 nM). However, different effects were observed on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). IL-4 inhibited the increase in p55 and p75 TNF-R on PBMC following adherence, whereas IL-4 upregulated p75 TNF-R expressed on PHA induced T cell blasts. To assess further the possible anti-inflammatory properties of IL-4, we studied its effects on synovial joint mononuclear cell cultures from 15 patients with inflammatory synovitis. In contrast to the differential effects of IL-4 on monocytes and T cells, IL-4 upregulated both p55 (P < 0.05) and p75 TNF-R (P < 0.005) on synovial joint cells in culture. IL-4 treatment caused a small decrease in levels of bioactive TNF-alpha in RA synovial culture supernatants, together with an increase in soluble p75 TNF-R levels although differences were not significant.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Type

Journal article

Journal

Cytokine

Publication Date

05/1993

Volume

5

Pages

205 - 212

Keywords

Arthritis, Arthritis, Rheumatoid, Burkitt Lymphoma, Cell Line, Cells, Cultured, Down-Regulation, HeLa Cells, Humans, Interleukin-4, Knee Joint, Monocytes, Osteoarthritis, Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Recombinant Proteins, Synovial Fluid, Tumor Cells, Cultured, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha, Up-Regulation