Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

AIMS: Aortic adaptive immunity plays a role in atherosclerosis; however, the precise mechanisms leading to T-cell activation in the arterial wall remain poorly understood. METHODS AND RESULTS: Here, we have identified naïve T cells in the aorta of wild-type and T-cell receptor transgenic mice and we demonstrate that naïve T cells can be primed directly in the vessel wall with both kinetics and frequency of T-cell activation found to be similar to splenic and lymphoid T cells. Aortic homing of naïve T cells is regulated at least in part by the P-selectin glycosylated ligand-1 receptor. In experimental atherosclerosis the aorta supports CD4+ T-cell activation selectively driving Th1 polarization. By contrast, secondary lymphoid organs display Treg expansion. CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that the aorta can support T-cell priming and that naïve T cells traffic between the circulation and vessel wall. These data underpin the paradigm that local priming of T cells specific for plaque antigens contributes to atherosclerosis progression.

Original publication

DOI

10.1093/cvr/cvz102

Type

Journal article

Journal

Cardiovasc Res

Publication Date

01/02/2020

Volume

116

Pages

306 - 316

Keywords

Aorta, Atherosclerosis, Priming, T cells