Protection against complement-mediated cell damage by Ca2+ and Zn2+.
Micklem KJ., Alder GM., Buckley CD., Murphy J., Pasternak CA.
Ca2+ and Zn2+ prevent antibody-dependent complement-induced permeability changes in tonsil lymphocytes and Lettre cells. Lactate dehydrogenase leaks out from Lettre cells at high complement:cell ratios, under which conditions higher concentrations of Ca2+ and Zn2+ are required for protection. Ca2+ and Zn2+ do not inhibit complement activation or C9 binding to Lettre cells, and prevent leakage through preformed lesions. It is concluded that the extent of complement-induced membrane damage depends on the concentration of extracellular Ca2+, and may be modulated by changes in extracellular Ca2+ or Zn2+.