Environmental control of immunological synapse formation and duration.
Dustin ML., Allen PM., Shaw AS.
The coordination of T-cell migration and antigen recognition is crucial for an effective immune response. We have proposed that this coordination is achieved by formation of an immunological synapse between the T cell and the antigen-presenting cell (APC). Our view contrasts with the serial encounter model also proposed in this issue of Trends in Immunology, which is based on transient T cell-APC interactions when surrounded by collagen. Here, we propose a model that reconciles immunological synapse formation and serial encounters based on environmental control of immunological synapse formation.