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The interaction of activated leukocytes with the rheumatoid synovial environment is a key process in arthritis. Understanding this process will play an important role in designing effective treatments. In vivo imaging approaches combined with molecular genetics in animal models provide important tools to address these issues. The present review will focus on approaches to in vivo imaging, with particular attention to approaches that are proving useful for, or have promise for, research on animal models of rheumatoid arthritis. These approaches will probably shed light on the specific local mechanisms involved in chronic inflammation and provide real time monitoring approaches to follow cellular and molecular events related to disease development.

Original publication




Journal article


Arthritis Res Ther

Publication Date





165 - 171


Animals, Arthritis, Rheumatoid, Cell Movement, Disease Models, Animal, Leukocytes, Luminescent Measurements, Microscopy, Tomography