Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The advent of next-generation sequencing, and in particular RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq), technologies has expanded our knowledge of the transcriptional capacity of human and other animal, genomes. In particular, recent RNA-seq studies have revealed that transcription is widespread across the mammalian genome, resulting in a large increase in the number of putative transcripts from both within, and intervening between, known protein-coding genes. Long transcripts that appear to lack protein-coding potential (long non-coding RNAs, lncRNAs) have been the focus of much recent research, in part owing to observations of their cell-type and developmental time-point restricted expression patterns. A variety of sequencing protocols are currently available for identifying lncRNAs including RNA polymerase II occupancy, chromatin state maps and - the focus of this review - deep RNA sequencing. In addition, there are numerous analytical methods available for mapping reads and assembling transcript models that predict the presence and structure of lncRNAs from RNA-seq data. Here we review current methods for identifying lncRNAs using large-scale sequencing data from RNA-seq experiments and highlight analytical considerations that are required when undertaking such projects.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





50 - 59


Long non-coding RNA, Next generation sequencing, RNA-seq, lncRNAs, Base Sequence, Chromatin, High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing, Humans, RNA Polymerase II, RNA, Long Noncoding, Transcription, Genetic