Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Despite the clinical success of Anterior Cruciate Ligament reconstruction (ACLR) in some patients, unsatisfactory clinical outcomes secondary to graft failure are seen, indicating the need to develop new regeneration strategies. The use of degradable and bioactive textiles has the potential to improve the biological repair of soft tissue. Electrospun (ES) filaments are particularly promising as they have the ability to mimic the structure of natural tissues and influence endogenous cell behaviour. In this study, we produced continuous polycaprolactone (PCL) ES filaments using a previously described electrospinning collection method. These filaments were stretched, twisted, and assembled into woven structures. The morphological, tensile, and biological properties of the woven fabric were then assessed. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images highlighted the aligned and ACL-like microfibre structure found in the stretched filaments. The tensile properties indicated that the ES fabric reached suitable strengths for a use as an ACLR augmentation device. Human ACL-derived cell cultured on the fabric showed approximately a 3-fold increase in cell number over 2 weeks and this was equivalent to a collagen coated synthetic suture commonly used in ACLR. Cells generally adopted a more elongated cell morphology on the ES fabric compared to the control suture, aligning themselves in the direction of the microfibres. A NRU assay confirmed that the ES fabric was non-cytotoxic according to regulatory standards. Overall, this study supports the development of ES textiles as augmentation devices for ACLR.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.msec.2021.112414

Type

Journal article

Journal

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl

Publication Date

10/2021

Volume

129

Keywords

ACL reconstruction, Electrospinning, Medical textiles, Polycaprolactone, Tissue regeneration