Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.
Skip to main content

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease, characterised by increased expression of type I interferon (IFN)-regulated genes and a striking sex imbalance towards females. Through combined genetic, in silico, in vitro, and ex vivo approaches, we define CXorf21, a gene of hitherto unknown function, which escapes X-chromosome inactivation, as a candidate underlying the Xp21.2 SLE association. We demonstrate that CXorf21 is an IFN-response gene and that the sexual dimorphism in expression is magnified by immunological challenge. Fine-mapping reveals a single haplotype as a potential causal cis-eQTL for CXorf21. We propose that expression is amplified through modification of promoter and 3'-UTR chromatin interactions. Finally, we show that the CXORF21 protein colocalises with TLR7, a pathway implicated in SLE pathogenesis. Our study reveals modulation in gene expression affected by the combination of two hallmarks of SLE: CXorf21 expression increases in a both an IFN-inducible and sex-specific manner.

Original publication

DOI

10.1038/s41467-019-10106-2

Type

Journal article

Journal

Nat Commun

Publication Date

15/05/2019

Volume

10