Functional interaction of RasGAP-binding proteins Dok-1 and Dok-2 with the Tec protein tyrosine kinase.
Gérard A., Favre C., Garçon F., Némorin JG., Duplay P., Pastor S., Collette Y., Olive D., Nunès JA.
The Dok adaptor family of proteins binding to RasGAP, consisting of Dok-1 and Dok-2, are critical regulators in cell proliferation. These molecules are partners and/or substrates of different protein tyrosine kinases considered as oncoproteins. Here, we show that Dok-1 and Dok-2 are the major tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins associated to Tec, a protein tyrosine kinase expressed in T cells. Furthermore, we evaluate the effect of Dok-1 or Dok-2 on Tec-mediated signalling pathways in T cells. Here, we provide evidence that Dok-1 and Dok-2 proteins are involved in a negative feedback regulation of Tec via a downregulation of its tyrosine phosphorylation and downstream signalling pathways including the Ras pathway. Either Dok-1 or Dok-2 therefore represents a mean of potent retrograde control for protein tyrosine kinase signalling, and then possibly of tumor development.