A septin requirement differentiates autonomous and contact-facilitated T cell proliferation.
Mujal AM., Gilden JK., Gérard A., Kinoshita M., Krummel MF.
T cell proliferation is initiated by T cell antigen receptor (TCR) triggering, soluble growth factors or both. In characterizing T cells lacking the septin cytoskeleton, we found that successful cell division has discrete septin-dependent and septin-independent pathways. Septin-deficient T cells failed to complete cytokinesis when prompted by pharmacological activation or cytokines. In contrast, cell division was not dependent on septins when cell-cell contacts, such as those with antigen-presenting cells, provided a niche. This septin-independent pathway was mediated by phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase activation through a combination of integrins and costimulatory signals. We were able to differentiate between cytokine- and antigen-driven expansion in vivo and thus show that targeting septins has strong potential to moderate detrimental bystander or homeostatic cytokine-driven proliferation without influencing expansion driven by conventional antigen-presentation.