Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

PURPOSE: Lateral progression of arthritis following medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA), although infrequent, is still the most common reason for revision surgery. Treatment options normally include conversion to total knee arthroplasty. An alternative strategy for some patients may be addition of a lateral UKA. We report the first results of staged bi-compartmental UKA (Bi-UKA) strategy. METHODS: We retrospectively selected from our UKA database patients who underwent a lateral UKA to treat a symptomatic lateral osteoarthritis progression after a medial UKA. The analysis included a clinical and radiological assessment of each patient. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients for a total of 27 knees of staged Bi-UKA were carried out in a single centre. The mean time interval between primary medial UKA and the subsequent lateral UKA was 8.1 years (SD ± 4.6 years). The mean age at the time of the Bi-UKA was 77.1 years (SD ± 6.5 years). The median hospital stay was 3 (range 2-9 days) days, and the mean follow-up after Bi-UKA was 4 years (SD ± 1.9 years). The functional scores showed a significant improvement as compared to the pre-operative status (paired t test, p = 0.003). There were no radiological evidences of failure. None of the patients needed blood transfusion, and there was no significant complications related to the surgical procedure without further surgeries or revisions at final follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that addition of a lateral UKA for arthritis progression following medial UKA is a good option in appropriately selected patients. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Observational study without controls, Level IV.

Original publication




Journal article


Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc

Publication Date





669 - 674


Arthroplasty, Lateral arthritis progression, Medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty, Staged bi-unicompartmental knee arthroplasty, Aged, Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee, Databases, Factual, Disease Progression, Female, Humans, Knee Joint, Knee Prosthesis, Length of Stay, Male, Middle Aged, Osteoarthritis, Knee, Patient Selection, Radiography, Range of Motion, Articular, Reoperation, Retrospective Studies, Treatment Outcome