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KYM-1D4 cells are a subline derived from a human rhabdomyosarcoma which are highly sensitive to TNF-mediated cytotoxicity. They were selected for this study because they express human TNF-R and are therefore a more relevant target for comparing the potential therapeutic value of human TNF-inhibitory agents than the usual murine cell lines. Two recombinant soluble TNF-R-IgG fusion proteins, one containing p55 TNR-R, the other containing p75 TNF-R, and a recombinant monomeric soluble p55 TNF-R were all found to block the cytotoxicity generated by human TNF-alpha and LT as well as also murine TNF. The p55 TNF-R-IgG fusion protein (p55-sf2) was the most effective of the antagonists tested, requiring an equimolar, (based on a monomeric configuration of TNF-alpha) or a 3-fold higher (based on a trimeric configuration of TNF-alpha) molar concentration to inhibit the cytotoxicity mediated TNF-alpha by 50%. p55-sf2 was also as effective at inhibiting the cytotoxicity mediated by LT or murine TNF in the KYM-1D4 assay. In contrast, the monomeric soluble p55 TNF-R was the least effective inhibitor, requiring a > 4000-fold higher molar concentration than p55-sf2 to achieve a similar degree of protection. The fusion proteins, particularly p55-sf2, may be useful as human therapeutic agents, as at low concentrations they can prevent both TNF-alpha-mediated and LT-mediated effects on human cells. As TNF-R-IgG fusion proteins also block the action of murine TNF in vitro, they may also be useful in the investigation of murine models of human inflammatory disease.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Cytokine

Publication Date

11/1994

Volume

6

Pages

616 - 623

Keywords

Animals, Antibodies, Monoclonal, CHO Cells, Cell Line, Cell Survival, Cricetinae, Humans, Immunoglobulin G, Kinetics, Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Recombinant Fusion Proteins, Rhabdomyosarcoma, Transfection, Tumor Cells, Cultured, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha