Modulation of T cell activation by stomatin-like protein 2.
Kirchhof MG., Chau LA., Lemke CD., Vardhana S., Darlington PJ., Márquez ME., Taylor R., Rizkalla K., Blanca I., Dustin ML., Madrenas J.
T cell activation through the Ag receptor (TCR) requires sustained signaling from signalosomes within lipid raft microdomains in the plasma membrane. In a proteomic analysis of lipid rafts from human T cells, we identified stomatin-like protein (SLP)-2 as a candidate molecule involved in T cell activation through the Ag receptor. In this study, we show that SLP-2 expression in human primary lymphocytes is up-regulated following in vivo and ex vivo activation. In activated T cells, SLP-2 interacts with components of TCR signalosomes and with polymerized actin. More importantly, up-regulation of SLP-2 expression in human T cell lines and primary peripheral blood T cells increases effector responses, whereas down-regulation of SLP-2 expression correlates with loss of sustained TCR signaling and decreased T cell activation. Our data suggest that SLP-2 is an important player in T cell activation by ensuring sustained TCR signaling, which is required for full effector T cell differentiation, and point to SLP-2 as a potential target for immunomodulation.