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The era of anti-cytokine treatment in rheumatology has just begun. The first generation therapeutic agents, biological agents that block tumour necrosis factor alpha such as monoclonal antibodies or receptor Ig fusion proteins are safe and effective, and so this has generated much interest in how to increase the benefit or deliver it more cost effectively. This article provides a personal view of the coming trends in anti-cytokine treatment. Which of these will be realised in the future will be of interest.

Original publication




Journal article


Ann Rheum Dis

Publication Date



59 Suppl 1


i119 - i122


Antirheumatic Agents, Arthritis, Rheumatoid, Cytokines, Forecasting, Humans