Simultaneous in vitro measurement of patellofemoral kinematics and forces following Oxford medial unicompartmental knee replacement.
Price AJ., Oppold PT., Murray DW., Zavatsky AB.
The Oxford medial unicompartmental knee replacement was designed to reproduce normal mobility and forces in the knee, but its detailed effect on the patellofemoral joint has not been studied previously. We have examined the effect on patellofemoral mechanics of the knee by simultaneously measuring patellofemoral kinematics and forces in 11 cadaver knee specimens in a supine leg-extension rig. Comparison was made between the intact normal knee and sequential unicompartmental and total knee replacement. Following medial mobile-bearing unicompartmental replacement in 11 knees, patellofemoral kinematics and forces did not change significantly from those in the intact knee across any measured parameter. In contrast, following posterior cruciate ligament retaining total knee replacement in eight knees, there were significant changes in patellofemoral movement and forces. The Oxford device appears to produce near-normal patellofemoral mechanics, which may partly explain the low incidence of complications with the extensor mechanism associated with clinical use.