Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

ICAM-1 is a cell surface glycoprotein originally defined by a monoclonal antibody (MAb) that inhibits phorbol ester-stimulated leukocyte aggregation. Staining of frozen sections and immunofluorescence flow cytometry showed intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is expressed on non-hematopoietic cells such as vascular endothelial cells, thymic epithelial cells, certain other epithelial cells, and fibroblasts, and on hematopoietic cells such as tissue macrophages, mitogen-stimulated T lymphocyte blasts, and germinal center dendritic cells in tonsils, lymph nodes, and Peyer's patches. ICAM-1 staining on vascular endothelial cells is most intense in T cell areas in lymph nodes and tonsils showing reactive hyperplasia. ICAM-1 is expressed in low amounts on peripheral blood leukocytes. Phorbol ester-stimulated differentiation of myelomonocytic cell lines greatly increases ICAM-1 expression. ICAM-1 expression on dermal fibroblasts is increased threefold to fivefold by either interleukin 1 (IL 1) or interferon-gamma at 10 U/ml over a period of 4 or 10 hr, respectively. The induction is dependent on protein and mRNA synthesis and is reversible. ICAM-1 displays Mr heterogeneity in different cell types with a Mr of 97,000 on fibroblasts, 114,000 on the myelomonocytic cell line U937, and 90,000 on the B lymphoblastoid cell JY. ICAM-1 biosynthesis involves a Mr approximately 73,000 intracellular precursor. The non-N-glycosylated form resulting from tunicamycin treatment has a Mr of 55,000. ICAM-1 isolated from phorbol myristic acetate (PMA) stimulated U937 and from fibroblasts yields an identical major product of Mr = 60,000 after chemical deglycosylation. ICAM-1 MAb interferes with the adhesion of phytohemagglutinin blasts, and the adhesion of the cell line SKW3 to human dermal fibroblast cell layers. Pretreatment of fibroblasts but not lymphocytes with ICAM-1 MAb, and of lymphocytes but not fibroblasts with lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1 MAb inhibits adhesion. Intercellular adhesion is increased by prior exposure of fibroblasts to IL 1, and correlates with induction of ICAM-1.

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Immunol

Publication Date

01/07/1986

Volume

137

Pages

245 - 254

Keywords

Animals, Antigens, Surface, Cell Adhesion, Cell Adhesion Molecules, Dose-Response Relationship, Immunologic, Flow Cytometry, Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Humans, Immunity, Innate, Interferon-gamma, Interleukin-1, Kinetics, Mice, Protein Biosynthesis, RNA, Messenger, Tissue Distribution