LPS-induced 111In-eosinophil accumulation in guinea-pig skin: evidence for a role for TNF-alpha.
Weg VB., Walsh DT., Faccioli LH., Williams TJ., Feldmann M., Nourshargh S.
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a major component of the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria with powerful pro-inflammatory activities. Although the mechanisms involved in LPS-induced neutrophil accumulation have been studied extensively, few reports have focused on the effects of LPS on eosinophil infiltration. In this study we have used an in vivo model of local 111In-eosinophil accumulation in the guinea-pig to investigate the mechanisms of LPS-induced eosinophilia. Using a 4-hr in vivo test period, the intradermal injection of LPS (50-1000 ng/site) led to a marked and dose-dependent accumulation of 111In-eosinophils into guinea-pig skin sites. Time-course experiments revealed that this cell infiltration was delayed in onset, becoming significant 1 hr after the intradermal administration of LPS. The slow development of the response and its sensitivity to the locally administered protein synthesis inhibitor, actinomycin D, suggested that the LPS-induced 111In-eosinophil accumulation in vivo is mediated by the generation of de novo proteins. The intravenous pretreatment of guinea-pigs with a soluble tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) receptor fusion protein (TNFR-IgG, 1 mg/kg), potently inhibited the 111In-eosinophil accumulation induced by LPS. Our results demonstrate that LPS can induce 111In-eosinophil accumulation in vivo in guinea-pig skin, and that this process is mediated by TNF-alpha.