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Defence against Neisseria meningitidis involves complement-mediated bactericidal activity. Factor H (fH) down-regulates complement activation. A putatively functional single-nucleotide-polymorphism (SNP) exists within a presumed nuclear-factor-kappa-B responsive element (NF-kB) in the fH gene (C-496T). Genetic and functional investigations were carried out to determine whether C-496T has a role in meningococcal disease (MD) susceptibility. Genetic susceptibility was investigated in 2 independent studies, a case-control and family-based transmission-disequilibrium-test (TDT), using 2 separate cohorts of UK Caucasian patients. MD susceptibility was both genetically associated with the C/C homozygous genotype (OR = 2.0, 95% CI 1.3 - 3.2, p = 0.001) and linked to the C allele (p = 0.04), the association being most significant in serogroup C infected patients (OR = 2.9, 95% CI 1.6 - 5.5, p = 0.0002). FH serum concentrations were also associated with C-496T genotype, with highest fH concentrations in C/C homozygous individuals (p = 0.01). Functional studies showed NF-kappa-B binding to the C-496T-containing region and that pre-incubation of fH with meningococci reduced bactericidal activity and increased meningococci B and C survival in blood. This study shows that C-496T is both associated and linked with MD and that individuals possessing the fH C-496T C/C genotype are more likely to have increased serum fH protein levels, have reduced bactericidal activity against meningococci and be at an increased risk of contracting MD.

Original publication

DOI

10.1080/00365540600643203

Type

Journal article

Journal

Scand J Infect Dis

Publication Date

2006

Volume

38

Pages

764 - 771

Keywords

Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Alleles, Blood Bactericidal Activity, Case-Control Studies, Child, Child, Preschool, Cohort Studies, Complement Factor H, Disease Susceptibility, European Continental Ancestry Group, Family Health, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Homozygote, Humans, Infant, Meningococcal Infections, Middle Aged, NF-kappa B, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Protein Binding, Statistics as Topic, United Kingdom