The relationship between body mass index and the risk of development of Dupuytren's disease: a Mendelian randomization study.
Majeed M., Wiberg A., Ng M., Holmes MV., Furniss D.
We performed Mendelian randomization analyses of body mass index and waist-hip ratio adjusted for body mass index in Dupuytren's disease using summary statistics from genome-wide association study meta-analyses. We found that adiposity is causally protective against Dupuytren's disease, with the inverse-variance weighted Mendelian randomization analysis estimating that a 1 standard deviation increase in body mass index (equivalent to 4.8 kg/m2) leads to 28% (95% confidence interval: 18-37%) lower relative odds of developing Dupuytren's disease, and a 1 standard deviation increase in waist-hip ratio adjusted for body mass index (equivalent to a waist-hip ratio of 0.09) leads to 26% (95% confidence interval: 6-42%) lower relative odds of developing Dupuytren's disease. We conclude from this study that regardless of the well-established negative health effects of obesity, the raised body mass index is associated with a lower risk of Dupuytren's disease and may be causally protective for the development of the disease.