Effect of Vitamin D supplementation on synovial tissue volume and subchondral bone marrow lesion volume in symptomatic knee osteoarthritis.
Perry TA., Parkes MJ., Hodgson R., Felson DT., O'Neill TW., Arden NK.
BACKGROUND: Data from a recent clinical trial of vitamin D therapy in knee OA suggests that, compared to placebo, vitamin D therapy may be associated with a reduction in effusion-synovitis. Our aim was, using contrast-enhanced (CE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), to examine the effect of vitamin D therapy on synovial tissue volume (STV) and also subchondral bone marrow lesion (BML) volume in men and women with symptomatic knee OA. METHODS: Data was acquired from participants who took part in a randomised placebo-controlled trial (UK VIDEO) investigating the effect of vitamin D therapy (800 IU cholecalciferol daily) on radiographic joint space narrowing. A subsample had serial CE MRI scans acquired during the trial. Subjects with serial images were assessed (N = 50) for STV and subchondral BML volume. The difference in the mean change from baseline in these structural outcomes between intervention and placebo groups was assessed using random-effects modelling. RESULTS: The mean age of the 50 subjects (24 active group, 26 placebo group) who contributed data to the analysis was 63.3 years (SD 6.5) and 74% were female. There was no significant difference at 2 years follow-up between the vitamin D and placebo groups in the mean change from baseline for STV (93.9 mm3, 95% CI -1605.0 to 1792.7) and subchondral BML volume (- 313.5 mm3, 95% CI -4244.7 to 3617.7). CONCLUSIONS: Vitamin D supplementation does not appear to have an effect on synovitis or BML volume in patients with symptomatic knee OA. TRIAL REGISTRATION: VIDEO was registered with EudraCT: ref. 2004-000169-37. The protocol for the trial can be accessed at https://www.ctu.mrc.ac.uk/studies/all-studies/v/video/.