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OBJECTIVE: Annexin-1 (Anx-A1) has been recently shown to play a key role in T-cell activation and to be highly expressed in T cells from RA patients. Here, we investigated the effects of glucocorticoids (GCs) on Anx-A1 expression in T cells in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: To evaluate the effects of dexamethasone (Dex) on Anx-A1 expression, human peripheral blood T cells were incubated with Dex and then analysed by real-time PCR and western blotting. Similar experiments were carried out in vivo by measuring Anx-A1 levels in T cells from patients with RA before and after administration of steroids. RESULTS: Incubation of T cells with Dex decreased Anx-A1 levels in a time-dependent fashion and almost abolished its expression after 12 h. Stimulation of T cells pre-incubated with Dex for 12 h with anti-CD3/CD28 led to significant reduction of IL-2 production. Addition of human recombinant Anx-A1 to Dex-treated cells reversed the inhibitory effects of the steroids on anti-CD3/CD28-induced IL-2 production. Treatment of RA patients with steroid decreased Anx-A1 expression in T cells. CONCLUSIONS: GCs suppress Anx-A1 expression in T cells in vitro and in vivo. These results provide evidence for a novel pathway by which steroids regulate the adaptive immune response and suggest that Anx-A1 may represent a target for the treatment of autoimmune diseases.

Original publication




Journal article


Rheumatology (Oxford)

Publication Date





636 - 639


Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Annexin A1, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Arthritis, Rheumatoid, Blotting, Western, CD3 Complex, CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes, Cells, Cultured, Depression, Chemical, Dexamethasone, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Female, Glucocorticoids, Humans, Interleukin-2, Male, Middle Aged, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction