Complication of diabetes in patients attending nishtar hospital Multan
Khan MW., Javaid K., Anjum S.
Objectives: The objective of our study is find out the prevalence of diabetic complications among the diabetic patients Study Design: Cross sectional study Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at the Department of Medicine, Nishtar Hospital, Multan from June 2016 to November 2016. Materials and Methods: The study population came from diverse socio-demographic backgrounds. Most of them were from different districts of Punjab. 200 patients were selected by Systematic random sampling. SPSS 21 was used for data entry and analysis. Results: A total of 200 patients participated in study with main age of respondents being 48.5 SD. About which 52.1 male and 48% female. Visual impairment is most common complication of diabetes .According to research 75% of patients had visual impairment, out of which 74.1% had decreased vision and 26.4% had cloudy vision. Most patients went for regular check up to ophthalmologist. Diabetes is related to CVS complications as 60% diabetic patients were hypertensive. As the table 4 shows, diabetes has adverse effects on the renal system and this complication of diabetes is the second leading cause of death if diabetes is left uncontrolled. Most of the patients had frequency and urgency of micturation. 46% patients had complained of change in color of urine, about 83.6% of them had pale yellow color. Regular check up of kidney is very necessary for the prevention of getting nephropathy. But mostly patients were unaware of this worst complication and only 26.5% went for regular check up to nephrologists. Conclusion: This study demonstrated a satisfactory elementary knowledge regarding complications of diabetes in diabetic patients. But there is lack of understanding regarding complications of diabetes among patients .Our findings suggest sustained efforts and more emphasis on this particular topic so that patient become more aware about diabetes complications and go for there regular check up in order to prevent the complications..