Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) are the major cause of child mortality worldwide. The human metapneumovirus (hMPV) is one of the leading causes of child hospitalizations due to pneumonia. The adaptive immune response generated by the host against hMPV is usually inefficient at protecting from reinfections, which is repeat throughout life, from childhood to old age. Despite considerable research efforts, to date there are no licensed vaccines to prevent respiratory disease caused by hMPV infection. In this article we review current vaccine strategies tested in animal models and the implication of such studies in understanding the different immune cell populations that contribute to hMPV clearance and the prevention and resolution of lung inflammation upon exposure to the virus.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Crit Rev Immunol

Publication Date

2015

Volume

35

Pages

185 - 202

Keywords

Acute Disease, Aged, Animals, Child, Disease Models, Animal, Humans, Lung, Metapneumovirus, Paramyxoviridae Infections, Respiratory Tract Infections, Viral Load, Viral Vaccines