This review considers adipokines as predictive biomarkers for early onset post-traumatic knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Serum concentrations of leptin and resistin can predict radiographic changes and are elevated in early KOA, with higher leptin concentrations independently associated with more severe knee changes. Plasma concentrations of resistin are chronically elevated after injury. Leptin, resistin, chemerin and vistfatin induce catabolic enzymes associated with cartilage degeneration. Available literature on adipokines in post-traumatic KOA pathogenesis suggests that they could contribute to risk prediction of early onset post-traumatic KOA. Further research is needed to further understand the association between adipokines, synovitis and long-term outcomes in this population.
519 - 525
Bone repair, cytokines, growth factors, inflammatory mediators, obesity/diabetes, osteoarthritis, Acute Disease, Adipokines, Animals, Biomarkers, Bone and Bones, Cartilage, Articular, Early Diagnosis, Humans, Knee Injuries, Knee Joint, Osteoarthritis, Knee, Predictive Value of Tests, Prognosis, Synovial Membrane, Up-Regulation