Measures of hip morphology are related to development of worsening radiographic hip osteoarthritis over 6 to 13 year follow-up: the Johnston County Osteoarthritis Project.
Nelson AE., Stiller JL., Shi XA., Leyland KM., Renner JB., Schwartz TA., Arden NK., Jordan JM.
OBJECTIVES: We sought to describe the effect of alterations in hip morphology with respect to worsening hip OA in a community-based sample including African American (AA) and white men and women. METHODS: This nested case-control study defined case hips as Kellgren Lawrence grade (KLG) <3 on baseline supine pelvis radiographs and KLG ≥3 or THR for OA at the 1st or 2nd follow-up visit (mean 6 and 13 years, respectively); control hips had KLG <3 at both visits, with gender/race distribution similar to cases. Hip morphology was assessed using HipMorf software (Oxford, UK). Descriptive means and standard errors were obtained from generalized estimating equation (GEE) models. Sex-stratified GEE regression models (accounting for within-person correlation), adjusted for age, race, BMI, and side were then employed. RESULTS: A total of 120 individuals (239 hips; 71 case/168 control) were included (25% male, 26% AA, mean age 62 years, BMI 30 kg/m(2)). Case hips tended to have greater baseline AP alpha angles, smaller minimum joint space width (mJSW) and more frequent triangular index signs. Adjusted results among men revealed that higher AP alpha angle, Gosvig ratio, and acetabular index were positively associated with case hips; coxa profunda was negatively associated. Among women, greater AP alpha angle, smaller mJSW, protrusio acetabuli, and triangular index sign were associated with case hips. CONCLUSIONS: We confirmed an increased risk of worsening hip OA due to baseline features of cam deformity among men and women, as well as protrusio acetabuli among women, and provide the first estimates of these measures in AAs.