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BACKGROUND: Genomewide linkage studies identified chromosome 3p21 as an IBD locus. Genomewide association studies have supported this locus and the Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium (WTCCC) study narrowed it to a 0.6 Mb region. Our objectives were to perform a 2-stage candidate gene association study of the 3p locus and to identify linkage disequilibrium (LD) between significant single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and an Oxfordshire subset (n = 282) of the WTCCC as well as the HapMap SNPs. METHODS: A total of 197 SNPs in 53 genes from the 3p locus were genotyped on the Illumina platform in a screening cohort of 469 Crohn's disease (CD) patients and 461 controls. Significant associations were then genotyped on the iPLEX platform in the original as well as a second cohort of 139 CD patients, 670 ulcerative colitis (UC) patients, and 1131 controls. All cases and controls were Caucasian and from the Oxfordshire region of the UK. RESULTS: An intronic SNP rs1128535 in the TRAIP gene was associated with CD in the screening and validation cohorts (combined [n = 608] P = 0.0004 [corrected 0.002], odds ratio [OR] 0.77, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.67-0.89]). No association was seen for UC. Epistasis was seen with the common CARD15 mutations (P = 0.00003 [corrected 0.0006], OR 0.48, 95% CI, 0.34-0.68). No LD was demonstrated with the WTCCC SNPs. Strong LD was demonstrated with 2 nonsynonymous HapMap SNPs in the MST1R gene in an adjacent LD block to the peak WTCCC association, suggesting a distinct association signal. CONCLUSIONS: The LD with these functional MST1R variants implicate this gene as having a possible role in CD pathogenesis.

Original publication

DOI

10.1002/ibd.20365

Type

Journal article

Journal

Inflamm Bowel Dis

Publication Date

04/2008

Volume

14

Pages

500 - 507

Keywords

Autophagy-Related Proteins, Carrier Proteins, Chromosomes, Human, Pair 3, Crohn Disease, Epistasis, Genetic, Genetic Variation, Genotype, Haplotypes, Humans, Linkage Disequilibrium, Macrophages, Nod2 Signaling Adaptor Protein, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases, Receptors, Interleukin