Anti-CD4 monoclonal antibodies suppress murine collagen-induced arthritis only at the time of primary immunisation.
Williams RO., Whyte A.
We have examined the ability of a mixture of two anti-CD4 mAbs to protect against collagen-induced arthritis. Anti-CD4 mAbs, administered around the time of primary immunisation with type II collagen in adjuvant, reduced the subsequent incidence of arthritis from 67 to 16% (P < 0.01 by Fisher exact test). However, anti-CD4 treatment 3 weeks after the primary immunisation did not significantly affect the incidence of arthritis. This result extends earlier findings concerning the lack of efficacy of anti-CD4 treatment in established collagen-induced arthritis. Next, the ability of anti-CD4 treatment to induce tolerance to bovine type II collagen (and hence protect against arthritis) was evaluated using a regime known to be capable of inducing tolerance to human gamma-globulin. Anti-CD4 treatment completely failed to induce tolerance to type II collagen, as judged by levels of anti-collagen antibody, or protect against collagen-induced arthritis. These findings highlight the potential limitations of anti-CD4 mAb depleting treatment in immunotherapy.