Marginal zone SIGN-R1+ macrophages are essential for the maturation of germinal center B cells in the spleen.
Pirgova G., Chauveau A., MacLean AJ., Cyster JG., Arnon TI.
The mechanisms that regulate germinal center (GC) B cell responses in the spleen are not fully understood. Here we use a combination of pharmacologic and genetic approaches to delete SIGN-R1+ marginal zone (MZ) macrophages and reveal their specific contribution to the regulation of humoral immunity in the spleen. We find that while SIGN-R1+ macrophages were not essential for initial activation of B cells, they were required for maturation of the response and development of GC B cells. These defects could be corrected when follicular helper T (Tfh) cells were induced before macrophage ablation or when Tfh responses were enhanced. Moreover, we show that in the absence of SIGN-R1+ macrophages, DCIR2+ dendritic cells (DCs), which play a key role in priming Tfh responses, were unable to cluster to the interfollicular regions of the spleen and were instead displaced to the MZ. Restoring SIGN-R1+ macrophages to the spleen corrected positioning of DCIR2+ DCs and rescued the GC B cell response. Our study reveals a previously unappreciated role for SIGN-R1+ macrophages in regulation of the GC reaction and highlights the functional specification of macrophage subsets in the MZ compartment.